100 的 Most Popular 海洋生物 in the 菲律宾

100 的 most popular 海洋生物 in the 菲律宾

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如果你’re one of those people who has a must-see creatures list, you need to update it stat! Here are some 的 most popular 海洋生物 in the 菲律宾 you must see for yourself.

When it comes to 海洋生物, the 菲律宾 has one 的 most diverse in the region. Located in the “Coral Triangle”, 的 菲律宾 sits in the epicenter for the biodiversity of corals, fish, and other 海洋生物 in the world.

的re are over 488 species of corals, 981 species of bottom-living algae, 5000 species of clams, snails, and mollusks that can be found in its waters. On top of that, over 3000 fish species have been recorded to be endemic to the 菲律宾.

的 list of 海洋生物 in the 菲律宾 keeps growing as more species are being discovered.

With such diversity, it is not surprising that the 菲律宾 is considered to be one 的 top scuba diving destinations in the world.

的 海洋生物 in the 菲律宾 is astounding. Underwater photographers in particular love diving in the 菲律宾 because 的 amazing sea creatures one can find in its waters.

虽然有“plenty of fish” in the Philippine sea, some sea creatures are more favored than others. 的y stand out because 的ir colors, behavior, distinct characteristics, rareness, and just plain awesomeness. Some are even more special than others that divers are even willing to travel hundreds of miles just to see them.

从大型海洋动物到小型海洋生物,’在菲律宾潜水时总是看到新鲜有趣的事物。

想知道菲律宾潜水员对他们有什么海洋生物“小动物必看清单”?还是在鱼类鉴定方面需要帮助?本文列出了菲律宾的鱼类以及海洋无脊椎动物!

100 的 Most Popular 海洋生物 in the 菲律宾: Must-See Critter List

Here are 100 的 most popular 海洋生物 in the 菲律宾.

编辑’注意:以下所有照片均来自我的所有潜水照片。我的个人目标是在列表中看到所有100张照片,因此,如果有些照片还没有,我深表歉意。我将来会更新它们’ve seen them.

菲律宾的咸水礁鱼(27)

假小丑Anemonefish(两栖动物)

菲律宾的海洋生物-保和省的假小丑Anemonefish(Amphiprion ocellaris)

This orange fish with white band outlined in black is one 的 most popular fish in the ocean. You may know this one as “Nemo!”虽然在菲律宾很容易发现海葵鱼,但这位好莱坞巨星很容易成为您潜水的明星。如果你’幸运的是,您甚至可能发现有数百只Nemos婴儿的巢。

羽状Spa鱼 (Platax pinnatus)

菲律宾的海洋生物-羽状Spa(Platax pinnatus)

这是从幼年状态到成熟状态经历明显转变的物种之一。作为幼鱼,羽状spa鱼是完全黑色的,在其身体轮廓上环绕着一条橙色带。然后成年后,它们变成了银色的锹形鱼。它是两种形式的美丽物种,也是水下摄影师最喜欢的主题。

蓝尾独角鱼 (Naso caeruleacauda)

唐 ’t believe in unicorns? Well, they do exist underwater! 的se fishes are hard to miss because 的 distinct bony horn projecting from the head in front 的 eyes. They’据说味道好极了,所以您可能会发现当地的菲律宾人将它们烧烤作为午餐。

澳洲肺鱼 (Cromileptes altivelis)

也称为“barramundi cod,” “flatfish grouper” and “humpback rockcod,”座头石斑鱼的头小而尖,颜色浅,散落着大的黑点。他们’re listed as “vulnerable”在世界自然保护联盟(IUCN)名单中,因为它们的目标是活体礁鱼贸易。不幸的是,如果您找到了,可能是在潮湿的市场或某些餐馆。

Bumphead鹦嘴鱼 (粘液虫)

菲律宾的海洋生物-阿波礁的Bumphead鹦嘴鱼(Bolbometopon muricatum)

的 bumphead parrotfish, also known as humphead parrotfish, is the biggest parrotfish in the ocean. 的ir size and the distinct “bump on their head”让他们脱颖而出。

睡衣红衣主教 (Sphaeramia nematoptera)

When you see these colorful fishes, you will understand why it was named as such. 的ir vibrant and distinct markings make them popular among divers. 的se sea animals found in the 菲律宾 do appear like they are wearing pajamas. And it’因此,它们在水族爱好者中也很受欢迎。

fish鱼(滑膜肌 send)

宿雾市莫阿尔博阿尔的鱼(Synchiropus splendidus)

这只小龙在其微小的身体上具有诱人的蓝色,绿色和橙色波浪形图案,吸引了许多潜水员的注意。但是,使它们更受欢迎的是 fish鱼交接仪式舞蹈 您可以在黄昏潜水期间在Moalboal,Malapascua和Southern Leyte等地方观看。

黄条颚鱼 (Opistognathus randalli)

Normally found with their heads poking out of sandy burrows, jawfish have huge mouths for the size 的ir head. Which probably explains their name. But what makes them even more popular is that the males are mouthbrooders. This means that the males incubate the eggs in their mouths for five to seven days until their babies are fully developed.

虾仁虾虎鱼 (Tomiyamichthys emilyae)

的 magnificent shrimp gobies are popular because 的ir large and beautiful first dorsal fin. 的y’经常和他们的洞穴伙伴Randall一起发现’的手枪虾。这种独特的虾虎鱼和虾的配对使它们成为水下观察和拍照更有趣的对象。

东方飞  gurnard (Dactyloptena ORIentalis)

东方飞  gu鱼,又称飞鱼,咕gr鱼或海知更鸟,是一种礁鱼,具有像翅膀一样的大型胸鳍。它们的鳍通常贴在身体上,但是当它们受到威胁时,它们会扩张胸鳍以吓倒食肉动物。他们已经被观察到“walking”在海底使用骨盆鳍。他们也“grunt” thus the name rn鱼 which means to 咕unt in French.

rog鱼

rog鱼es are among the most popular 海洋生物 in the 菲律宾. 的se weird-looking but wonderful creatures are great in hiding or blending in with the reef that when divers spot them its always a delight.

尽管几乎在任何地方都可以找到它们,但是如果您希望看到它们的机会更高,那么 道因 是去的地方。它被称为“frogfish capital 的 world”该地区发现了11种鱼。

Here are some 的 frogfish species that can be found in the 菲律宾:

巨型F鱼 (Antennarius commerson)

菲律宾的海洋生物-薄荷岛的巨型Giant鱼(Antennarius commerson)

Giant frogfish are have excellent camouflage skills. 的y have the ability to change colour over time to match their surroundings. You will often find them looking like a sponge, coral or rock.

疣/小丑F鱼 (斑ten))

菲律宾-沃尔特/小丑fish鱼(薄荷岛Antennarius maculatus)中的海洋生物

的 Warty frogfish also known as the clown frogfish is one 的 more colorful frogfishes. 的y get its name from the wart-like protrusions on its body.

彩绘/斑点F鱼 (Antennarius pictus)

菲律宾的海洋生物-道因的彩绘/斑点F鱼(Antennarius pictus)

的 painted frogfish, also known as the spotted frogfish, is one 的 more bigger frogfish growing up to 30 centimeter (1 feet). 的y get its name from the empty “spots,”看起来像是毛孔粗大。

毛F鱼 (Antennarius striatus)

道因的菲律宾有毛F鱼(Antennarius striatus)中的海洋生物

的 毛茸茸 frogfish is not actually 毛茸茸 . 的ir body is actually covered in spinules or skin appendages that look like strands of hair.

拿破仑 Wrasse (Cheilinus undulatus)

的 Napoleon wrasse (圆唇青蟹),也称为Māori wrasse, hump head 濑鱼 get its name from the distinctive hump on its forehead, which resembles the hat 的 French emperor Napoleon Bonaparte. 拿破仑濑鱼长2米(6英尺),并有美丽的绿色鳞片。它们不仅在海中而且在餐桌上都是菲律宾最受欢迎的海洋生物。本地呼叫“Mameng”在菲律宾,濑鱼也因其鱼类过度捕捞而成为濒危物种。

杂草蝎鱼 (犀牛frondosa)

While scorpionfishes are very common to see in the 菲律宾. 的 weedy scorpionfish (犀牛frondosa) 更难得。或至少很难发现。

的se 海洋生物 in the 菲律宾 are masters of disguise. 的 weedy scorpionfish looks like rocks covered in algae. 的ir appendages look like they are covered in weed so they easily blend in. Rhinopias come in dark red, purple, yellow or lavender, making them appear like soft corals or sponges to an untrained eye.

红Lion鱼 (Pterois volitans)

菲律宾红普通Lion鱼(Pterois volitans)

红狮子鱼在菲律宾很常见。他们’看起来非常漂亮,尤其是当它们伸展出脊椎时。但是您应该保持距离,因为它们有毒。虽然它们在印度太平洋地区是地方性的,但在加勒比和大西洋地区被认为是入侵物种。鱼在水族馆贸易中很流行,这可能已导致这种入侵物种在世界其他珊瑚礁中传播。

鳄鱼平头 (Cymbacephalus beauforti)

的 鳄鱼平头 is closely related to the scorpionfishes. As their names suggest they menacingly look like crocodiles! 的ir body is covered in mosaic patterns of beige, brown, green, gray, which helps them blend in their habitat. 的y’通常被发现放在瓦砾或沙子上。

白缘观星者 (Uranoscopus sulphureus)

菲律宾的海洋生物-Whitemargin观星者(Uranoscopus sulphureus)加勒拉港

Stargazers are bottom-dwelling predators often found burrowing in the sand with only their eyes protruding. So they do look like they are always gazing at the stars. 的ir mouths are almost at the same level as their eyes so when an unsuspecting creature swims over them they could easily be devoured.

黄色 Boxfish (Ostracionbicus)

菲律宾的海洋生物-黄箱鱼(Ostracion cubeus)

隔骨 easily stands out in the reef because of its box-shaped body and yellow coloration. 的 yellow boxfish at its juvenile stage is bright yellow with black spots. As it matures, its color becomes light yellow with blue-gray colorations.

条纹鳗Cat鱼 (Plotosus lineatus)

菲律宾的Romblon条纹鳗Cat鱼(Plotosus lineatus)中的危险海洋生物

条纹鳗鱼cat鱼经常钓到潜水员’由于他们的黑白条纹和青少年的学习行为而受到关注。为了保护自己免受捕食者的侵害,它们形成了多达一百只cat鱼的集群。但是不要’不要让这些看似无害的鱼欺骗您,它们的背鳍和胸鳍实际上是剧毒的,可能使您痛苦。

泰坦金枪鱼 (Balistoides viridescens)

菲律宾泰坦引金鱼(Balistoides viridescens)中的危险海洋生物

巨人引金鱼(又称小胡子或巨型引金鱼)是最大的 most aggressive of the 引金鱼。他们在潜水员中臭名昭著,因为他们’re known to attack especially when it is their nesting season. Best to stay clear 的se creatures as there probably have been more cases of Titan triggerfish bites than shark attack!

斑鳍豪猪 (石o)

阿波礁的斑鳍豪猪(Diodon hystrix)

斑鳍豪猪是一种带刺的河豚。它的身体颜色是米色大理石,上面有深色斑点,并点缀着许多黑点。当刺痛鱼感觉到危险或受到压力时,刺吞鱼会吞咽水使其自身膨胀。它会“puff up”进入其气球的脊柱抬起以防止掠食者食用它的气球。河豚有毒,如果食用会杀死人。但是,这并不能阻止他们吃它。实际上,有些人认为它们是美味佳肴。

阅读更多: 菲律宾的13种危险海洋生物

海洋翻车鱼 (莫拉莫拉)

的 Mola mola is one 的 heaviest known bony fishes in the world. 的 海洋翻车鱼 got its name from its behavior of going to the surface then swimming on its side to bask in the sun. Many provinces in the 菲律宾 have reported Mola mola sighting and stranding which is why it’列入了菲律宾最受欢迎的海洋生物清单。

大眼Tre (Caranx Sexfasciatus) 

Balicasag的杰克学校-Trevally大眼(Caranx Sexfasciatus)

的 Big Eye Trevally (Caranx Sexfasciatus) 当这些银色的鱼开始围成一个圈游动,形成一个巨大的诱饵球时,真是一眼可观。确保保持你的“big eyes” out for these school of jacks. 的y can be spotted in 巴里卡萨岛.

黑鳍梭鱼 (Sphyraena qenie)

在Apo Reef中的Blackfin梭子鱼(Sphyraena qenie)
炮台就是梭子鱼学校!

而大梭子鱼(梭子鱼) tends to be a solitary creature, the blackfin barracuda is usually seen as a group. 的y’re also known as chevron barracuda because 的ir black markings along its body. Aside from their distinct markings and schooling behavior, they’以其速度和锋利的牙齿而闻名。

沙丁鱼学校

宿雾Moalboal的沙丁鱼学校

沙丁鱼在Moalboal中奔跑 is one 的 most epic experiences you can have while diving in the 菲律宾. It’并非每天都有大量的沙丁鱼潜水。这并不夸张。

鳗鱼(3)

巨海鳗 (Gymnothorax javanicus)

礁鱼菲律宾阿波礁的巨型海ray(Gymnothorax javanicus)

的 giant moray eel as its name suggests, is the largest eel in the ocean reaching up to 3 meters (9.8 feet)! It is brownish in color with leopard-like spots on its head.

丝带鳗鱼 (Rhinomuraena quaesita)

的 ribbon eel is easily recognized because of its vibrant yellow and blue color. Its long and thin body and distinct anterior nostrils often reminds divers 的 mythical Chinese dragon.

斑 Garden Eel (Heteroconger hassi)

Gardens eels are extremely shy eels that love burrowing themselves on the ocean floor. You can find groups 的m coming out 的 sand as they feed on plankton. From a distance they look like sea grass swaying in the current but if you approach they will retract and go back into hiding.

海马和河豚(6)

Here are some 的 most requested seahorses and pipefishes species divers want to see while scuba diving in the 菲律宾.

健壮的鬼笛鱼 (Solenostomus cyanopterus) 

礁鱼菲律宾菲律宾锡基霍尔(Siquijor)的稳健的鬼笛鱼

的 健壮的鬼笛鱼 gets its name of ghost from the difficulty in seeing them when they are floating around. 的y’经常在沙底上成对游泳。潜水员通常不注意它们,因为它们很像漂浮在周围的海藻。

华丽的鬼鱼 (Solenostomus paradoxus)

菲律宾薄荷岛的华丽鬼笛鱼(Solenostomus paradoxus)

的 Ornate Ghost Pipefish, also known as the Harlequin Ghost Pipefish, is a close relative of pipefishes and seahorses. 的y have intricate patterns on their body in color variations of red, black or yellow, thus, the name “ornate”。通常,您可以成对地藏在羽毛星或柔软的珊瑚物种中,让它们伪装。

棘手的海马 (海马组织)

棘手的海马(海马histrix)锚定在Dauin的海绵

棘手的海马是您在菲律宾可以找到的11种海马之一。它们通常被单独或成对发现,它们的尾巴缠在藻类,海绵,礁石,软珊瑚或海草上。自2004年以来,根据CITES附录II的规定,海马的提取和出口是非法的。但这并没有阻止菲律宾作为海马的主要出口国之一。干海马用作中药。

侏儒海马

矮小海马是微小的鱼,通常长于海扇,平均长为1.4至2.7厘米(0.55至1.06英寸)。迄今为止,全世界有八种侏儒海马物种,其中三种在菲律宾被发现。

Bargibanti侏儒海马 (海马bargibanti)

Bargibanti矮小海马(海马bargibanti)在菲律宾Romblon

的y are experts at hiding that they were only discovered in 1969 by George Bargibant who was studying gorgonians. Bargibanti pygmy seahorse was the first pygmy to be discovered.

丹妮丝·皮格米·海马 (海马丹尼斯)

薄荷岛菲律宾的海马(丹妮丝·皮格米·海马)

Denise pygmy seahorse, also known as the yellow pygmy seahorse, has a short snout with slender body. 的y are usually yellow to orange in color and they change their coloration to match the gorgonian they live in.

Pontohi侏儒海马 (海马pontohi)

Pontohi矮小海马(海马pontohi)在菲律宾Romblon

Pontohi pygmy seahorse, also known as the weedy seahorse, was named after Hence Pontoh, and Indonesian dive guide who first brought these pygmy seahorses to attention. 的 previously known Severn Pygmy (海马severnsi), was recently synonymized with the Pontohi. 的y are the same size, but Severn is brown in color, while Pontohi is more lighter. You can find this species in 朗布隆.

菲律宾的鲨鱼和鲨鱼(8)

这是在菲律宾潜水时必须看到的一些射线和鲨鱼种类。

巨型海洋蝠ta (曼塔birostris)

巨大的海洋蝠ta是您在菲律宾偶尔会遇到的海洋生物之一。如果您想遇到一个或多个,您将有更大的机会在Ticao Pass中看到它们。 唐 sol的这一地区浮游生物集中度高,蝠ta喜欢它。蝠ta涌向“manta bowl”因为这是他们的清洁站。

鹰眼 (球藻(Aetobatus ocellatus))

的 spotted eagle ray has flat diamond-shaped bodies with a distinctive snout similar to a duck’s bill. 的y are often colored black with white spots on top with a white underbelly. 的ir 尾巴s have venomous spines. Eagle rays may grow up to 5 meters (16.4 feet) from head to 尾巴, and their wingspans may extend up to 3 meters (9.8 feet)

蓝斑Ribbon尾Ray (Taeniura lymma)

蓝点状的带状尾射线是较小的椭圆形射线,直径增长到约30厘米(1英尺)。它的颜色从棕色到黄色到橄榄绿色不等,并带有许多明亮的蓝色斑点。尾巴沿其长度有两个蓝色条纹和两个有毒的刺。这些害羞的生物通常在沙质基质中发现。当潜水员接近时,它们倾向于游走。

脱粒鲨 (Alopias Pelagicus)

菲律宾这种特殊的海洋生物以其镰刀状而闻名 tail fins. 如果你’我一直想去看看宿雾的马拉帕斯卡岛长尾鲨,是观赏它们的最佳地点。作为远洋生物,他们’通常情况下,纯属偶然,但在Monad Shoal潜水员几乎每天都能看到它们。

鲸鲨 (Rhincodon typus) 

鲸鲨是世界上最大的鱼类。菲律宾正式接待世界上第二大的鲸鲨种群。如果你’一直梦想着与鲸鲨共游,您可以参观Donsol,Oslob,Sogod湾,Tubbataha,因为这些是温柔巨人的著名景点。

虎鲨(半古半乳)

虎鲨是极具侵略性的鲨鱼,可以长到5米。它的名字源于老虎上类似的深色条纹’的身体。作为浮游生物,在菲律宾很少发现虎鲨。但是,许多潜水员已将他们成功发现在菲律宾最成功和最大的海洋保护区之一-图巴塔哈礁自然公园中。

扇形锤头 (Sphyrna lewini) 

尽管在菲律宾发现了锤头鲨,但近年来目击者更为罕见。不幸的是,尽管菲律宾法律禁止捕获这些濒临灭绝的物种,但在潮湿市场上看到锤头的机会甚至可能比在海洋中更大。过去在宿雾的马拉帕斯卡(Malapascua),保和省的Cabilao, 阿波礁 苏鲁海的明多洛岛和塔巴塔哈礁。

菲律宾吉他鱼 (白犀牛)

如果鲨鱼和射线有一个婴儿,它可能看起来像一条吉它鱼!吉他鱼也被称为班卓鲨(Banjo Shark)或小提琴琴弦(Fiddler ray),前肢扁平,类似于射线,后肢近似于射线。 鲨鱼。 2014年,菲律宾吉他鱼 犀牛白是菲律宾的一种特有海洋物种,被公认为是该物种的新物种 犀科 家庭。

Do you need help identifying some 的 海洋生物 in the 菲律宾? Check out these helpful Fish ID books!

菲律宾的海龟(5)

的 Sea turtle, locally known as the 帕维坎 是菲律宾最受欢迎的海洋生物之一。他们’这种动物非常受欢迎,在菲律宾被列为极度濒危的海洋动物。这是由于各种人类威胁造成的,例如塑料污染,非法偷猎和自然栖息地的退化。有七种海龟,其中五种可以在菲律宾找到。

绿海龟 (桃金娘)

菲律宾阿波岛的菲律宾绿海龟(Chelonia mydas)

名称d for the green color 的 fat under its shell, the green sea turtle is strictly herbivorous as an adult. 的y love eating algae and sea grass.

橄榄雷德利海龟 (橄榄脂树)

橄榄色ridley海龟物种以其橄榄绿色的外壳命名,在世界上发现的所有海龟中数量第二少,数量最多。

s海龟(Eretmochelys imbricata)

在阿尼洛的海龟(Eretmochelys imbricata)

its海龟以其狭窄的头部和类似鹰的喙而得名,由于人类为珍惜它们而猎杀它们,因此濒临灭绝的危险“tortoise shell.”

棱皮海龟 (菊苣)

棱皮海龟是唯一的一种没有硬壳的海龟,其独特的外壳由一层薄而坚韧的橡胶状皮肤组成,并由成千上万的微小骨板加固,使其看起来具有皮革质。 

ger海龟 (etta鱼)

海龟以其巨大的头而得名,是所有硬壳海龟中最大的。

想和海龟一起游泳吗?这是 5 的 Best Places to Swim with Sea Turtles in the 菲律宾.

菲律宾的海洋哺乳动物(3)

海洋哺乳动物 在菲律宾分为 cetaceans (whales, dolphins, and porpoises) and sirenians (manatees and dugongs). Here are some 的 most popular marine mammals in the 菲律宾.

海牛儒艮 (儒艮杜贡)

的 dugongs, also known as sea cows or sea pigs, are critically endangered mammals in the 菲律宾. Historically, it is estimated that almost every island in the 菲律宾 had dugongs. However, they disappeared with the loss of sea grass, the sea cow’最喜欢的一餐。如今,您可以潜水去巴拉望寻找儒艮。

旋转海豚 (Stenella longirostris)

In the 菲律宾, the spinner dolphins are among the most commonly sighted dolphin species across the archipelago. 的y’re very social and like putting on a show. 的y often swimming as a pod with other species and they are often seen frolicking in the surface to the delight of many dolphin watchers.

菲律宾的海豚观赏胜地

座头鲸 (新甲虫)

Humpback whales are migratory mammals that feed near the poles during the summer and breed in warmer waters in the equator during the winter. In the northern part 的 菲律宾, specifically in Babuyan islands, Humpback whales are frequently spotted as this is part 的ir migration route.


即将在菲律宾旅行和潜水吗?

这是菲律宾的终极指南。从当地的菲律宾人获得技巧和建议。


棘皮动物(6)

棘皮动物是海洋 无脊椎动物,特征是坚硬,有刺的覆盖物或皮肤。海星,海胆和海参是棘皮动物。这是菲律宾特有的一些物种。

锯齿羽毛之星 (Oligometra serripinna)

锯齿羽毛星(Oligometra serripinna)

的 Saw-tooth feather stars are marine invertebrates that have ten long and slender, feather-like arms. 的y are use their arms to catch food as well as for crawling on the reef or swimming in midwater.

巧克力海星 (原始原虫)

的 Chocolate Chip starfish is named as such because 的 small black horns on its body that look like chocolate chips. 的se sea stars are usually red or brown in coloration.

荆棘海星之冠 (Acanthaster planci)

阿波礁的荆棘海星之冠(Acanthaster planci)

的 荆棘海星之冠 (COTS) are large dark green starfish with up to 23 arms. Along its arms are sharp spines containing venom. COTs preys on corals. And its primary 捕食者是巨型tri核 (Charonia tritonis). 的 lack of predators can create a COTs outbreak which is bad for the reef. 棘皮plan 可能会在几周内消耗掉大面积的珊瑚。

黄海黄瓜 (Colochirusrobusus)

菲律宾八打雁阿尼洛的菲律宾黄海黄瓜(Colochirusrobusus)中的海洋无脊椎动物

的 yellow sea cucumbers, also known as robust sea cucumber, are small yellow sea cucumbers that grow up to 7 centimetres (2.8 in). 的ir tiny size can sometime make them be mistaken as sea slugs. 的se sea cucumbers are also popular in the aquarium, as well as food trade.

消防顽童 (辐射)

菲律宾八打雁省阿尼洛的火顽童(Astropyga radiata)

火顽童是直径最大为20的大型顽童 cm (8 在)。它的刺是4 cm (1.6 英寸),分为五个垂直群集。在每个簇之间是没有脊的V形区域。这些裸露的区域是红色的,带有虹彩蓝点线,而其余的棘突的颜色则从红棕色到紫色,深棕色或几乎黑色。 

花海胆(弓形虫)

Flower urchins have pincer-like organs called pedicellariae which they use for defense and debris removal. 的 Pedicellariae on the 弓形虫 are white with pink centers that look like tiny flowers. 唐 ’不要让这些漂亮的顽童欺骗您,因为它们是菲律宾极有毒的海洋生物。

带壳的软体动物(3)

在菲律宾,您可以找到许多软体动物。这里是菲律宾更迷人的海洋生物。

真蛤C(Tridacna 吉加斯)

的 Tridacna giga is the largest living marine bivalves that can be found in the 菲律宾. Giant clams may reach up to 1.5 meters (6 feet) in length. and can weight up to 200 kilos (440 pounds). 的y are classified as endangered species in the 菲律宾 as they are exploited for their meat and shells.

电蛤 (Ctenoides麦芽酒)

菲律宾宿雾市的蛤C,电蛤(Ctenoides ales)

电蛤,也称为 electric flame scallop or disco clams, are bivalves that have a highly reflective tissue on the outer edge 的ir mantle. When sunlight or light hits the tissue, it looks like electricity is running through the clam. But what you are seeing is actually a light reflection.

老虎·考瑞(虎斑柏)

菲律宾罗布隆的老虎考里(Cypraea tigris)

虎斑柏 与它的通用名称有关“tiger,”虽然发现但没有剥落。虎帽是夜间活动的生物,因此在白天,它们的斗篷会缩回以进行保护。它’美丽的贝壳在贝壳收藏家中很受欢迎。

菲律宾的和裸枝(9)

Sea slugs and nudibranchs are one 的 most popular 海洋生物 in the 菲律宾. 的ir tiny size, color and slow movements make them the perfect underwater photography subjects.

裸枝, 意思是‘naked gills’,  是海洋腹足纲软体动物。您可以在中找到超过800种裸udi科植物 菲律宾。其中有400个尚未正式命名。

如果你 are diving in the 菲律宾, you can pretty much find sea slugs in any of your dives. That is if you know where to look, as they can be very tiny in size.

这是您在菲律宾可以找到的一些海参。

壮丽的Nudibranch(Chromodoris 壮丽的)Anilao,八打雁,菲律宾

壮丽的裸枝 (铬) magnifica)

宏伟的Nudibranch以鲜艳夺目的颜色而得名。 嗜铬菌 magnifica 很容易与Chromodoris quadricolor混淆。

Blue 嗜铬菌(Chromodoris willani)Anilao,八打雁,菲律宾

Blue 嗜铬菌 (嗜铬菌 willani)

Blue 嗜铬菌以著名的裸体分支分类学家Richard C. Willan博士的名字命名
淡蓝色,带有黑色深色线条,具有透明的ice和犀牛状外观,看起来像冰晶

西班牙舞者(六边形六边形)

西班牙舞者以在水下游泳时起伏的方式命名。它可以长到一条面包的大小。

菲律宾隆布隆的老虎蝴蝶Nudibranch(Cyerce nigra)

虎蝶Nudibranch (黑切尔切斯)

Cyerce nigra有黑色,白色和黄色条纹的cerata。在Romblon的沙质底部发现。

菲律宾Romblon的Ghost Nudibranch(Melibe colemani)

鬼纳迪布兰奇 (Melibe colemani)

幽灵Nudibranch被称为“Nudibranchs圣杯”可以在Romblon和Anilao找到。

菲律宾内格罗斯东方省Dauin的点缀Nudibranch(Jorunna funebris)

点缀Nudibranch (Jorunna funebris)

虚线Nudibranch有时也称为Oreo Nudibranch。它喜欢吃蓝色海绵。

肖恩绵羊Nudibranch(黑毛海岸杆菌)道恩菲律宾

肖恩·绵羊Nudibranch (黑岛古菌)

黑毛海岸杆菌 是一只看起来像绵羊的吸鼻海参。在藻类放牧的沙质底部发现。

菲律宾Romblon中理想的Flabellina(Coryphellina 灭绝)

理想的Flabellina(鞘翅目 灭绝)

鞘翅目 exoptataiis的前身 Flabellina 灭绝。它喜欢吃水合蛋白,所以您可能在那里找到它们。

在菲律宾内格罗斯东方省道因的豹子Nudibranch(豹纹豹)

豹子Nudibranch(豹纹豹)

豹纹豹 在褐色背景上有类似豹纹的标记,上面有白色的环。它看起来类似于 Hypselodoris tryoni, 地幔较短.

你喜欢nudis吗?从这些海sl和裸udi科本中了解有关它们的更多信息!

头足类(6)

头足类动物是菲律宾最常被拍照的海洋生物之一。这是潜水员中最喜欢的头足类动物。

拟人章鱼 (拟南芥)

的 mimic octopus is one 的 most amazing 海洋生物 you can find in the 菲律宾. 拟南芥 能够在光天化日之下狩猎’s ability to change its form to look like other species. 的 mimic octopus has been known to copy at least 15 different species, like jellyfish, sea snakes, stingrays, crabs, lionfish, and many more.

Wunderpus (Wunderpus photogenicus)

Often confused with or misidentified as a Mimic Octopus, the Wonderpus is a separate species. 的 wunderpus also has the ability to change patterns and impersonate other species like the mimic octopus. But the Wunderpus photogenicus 具有明显的白色和红棕色,仅在夜间狩猎。

蓝环章鱼 (羽扇豆)

的 blue-ringed octopus is one 的 “small but terrible” 海洋生物 in the 菲律宾. 的y might look pretty but they are actually deadly. 的y are yellow brown in coloration but when provoked blue rings appear on its body to warn predators of its danger. 的 羽扇豆 含有对人致命的毒素,目前尚无解毒剂。

星夜八达通 (Callistoctopus luteus)

古董菲律宾的星夜章鱼(Callistoctopus luteus)

的 starry night octopus as its name suggest is active only at night. It has a reddish brown coloration with white speckles that look like stars. 的y are often found hunting on sandy and rocky reefs.

短尾鱿鱼(越桔)

古董,菲律宾的短尾鱿鱼(Euprymna berryi)

的 bobtail squid is a small-sized cuttlefish with dark electric blue and green coloration. 的y are often found in sandy substrates where they usually hide during the day and hunt in at night. 的 bobtail squid can quickly burrow itself in the sand when it senses danger.

华丽的墨鱼 (Metasepia pfefferi)

菲律宾陶恩的华M墨鱼(Metasepia pfefferi)

华丽的墨鱼 is a 6-8 centimeters cephalopod often found in sandy or mucky substrates. 的ir distinct coloration also makes them a popular 海洋生物 in the 菲律宾. 的y are the only cuttlefish that has muscle tissue that is highly toxic.

螃蟹(5)

螃蟹也是菲律宾最受欢迎的海洋生物。

瓷蟹 (金刚鹦鹉)

瓷蟹(黄斑鱼)菲律宾

瓷蟹s, have a whitish shell with red dots. 也称为Porcelain Anemone Crabs, they have a commensal relationship with anemones species. 黄斑鱼 have three 步行 legs and pincers often used for protection rather than feeding. 的y are filterfeeders so they have mouths that fans out to catch planktons.

猩猩蟹 (Achaeus japonicus)

菲律宾宿雾的猩猩蟹(Achaeus japonicus)

日本鱼 commonly known as orangutan crabs are decorator crabs that cover themselves with brown and red debris. 的se 毛茸茸 covering makes them look like orangutans. 的y are found in Bubble corals (中华假单胞菌) or Torch corals (Euphyllia glabrescens)

拳师蟹 (Lybia tesselata)

的 boxer crabs, also known as pom-pom crabs, are known for their mutualism relationship with anemones. Instead of living in the anemone they actually hold the anemones in their claws for defense, and in return the anemones get carried around to capture more food. 的se crabs are tiny at 2.5 cm (1 inch) width so they do look like mini cheerleaders.

糖果蟹 (Hoplophrys oatesi)

菲律宾宿雾的糖果蟹(Hoplophrys oatesi)

的 candy crab lives exclusively in Dendronephthya soft corals. 的y get its name from the purple, pink, red, yellow or white candy-like coloration. 的y’它们只有2厘米小,它们的棘手/尖尖的外壳使它们看起来像它们所生活的柔软珊瑚中的息肉。

毛茸茸的蹲龙虾 (Lauriea siagiani)

的 毛茸茸 squat lobster, also known as Barrel-sponge Crab, Fairy Crab, Fairy Lobster, are pink 毛茸茸 crabs found on the external parts of giant barrel sponges- 睾丸.

虾s (9)

Here are some 的 most photographed shrimps in the 菲律宾.

安汶虾仁虾 (Laomenes amboinensis)

菲律宾道因的Ambon Crinoid虾(Laomenes amboinensis)

的 安汶虾仁虾 or Feather Star 虾 are shrimps that can grow up to 2 cm in size. 爬虫类青霉素 lives in crinoids and hides among the arms of its host. 的y may come in various colors depending ton the colors 的 crinoid.

丑角虾(线虫)

的 harlequin shrimp is among the most sought after photography subjects among divers because of its vibrant exo-skeleton. 线虫 呈白色至浅粉红色,并覆盖有蓝色,紫色,红色和橙色的渐变斑点。除了外观之外’令人着迷的是丑角虾’s ability to devour entire star fishes. 的y keep the sea star captive until they are consumed and the process may take up to two weeks.

Sexy 虾 (索尔amboinensis)

薄荷岛菲律宾的性感虾(Thor amboinensis)

Sexy shrimps are named as such because 的ir distinct characteristic of curving their abdomens and lifting their 流浪汉 尾巴s up over their heads. 雷博宁 是带有白色斑点的微小橙色小虾。您可能会在海葵中找到它们,但由于它们只有13毫米(0.5英寸)的大小,因此您需要靠近它们才能看到它们。

皇帝虾 (Periclimenes imperator)

的 emperor shrimp is a favorite 海洋生物 in the 菲律宾 especially for underwater photographers. This 2 cm crustacean loves piggybacking on a variety of hosts like sea cucumbers and nudibranchs. 的y come in the majestic colors of orange, white and royal purple.

科尔曼’s Shrimp (Periclimenes colemani)

科尔曼's 虾 (Periclimenes colemani) in Malapascua 菲律宾

科尔曼’s 虾,也称为火胆虾,海胆虾通常成对栖息在火胆上 (天疱疮sp。)

龙虾(Miropandalus hardingi)

龙虾(Miropandalus hardingi)在菲律宾Romblon

的 dragon shrimp, also known as gorgonian sandaled shrimp, is found in branches of gorgonians or whip corals. 的y grow up to 3 cm. But you need to look closely as their coloration usually matches their host’s color- from green, yellow, brown, or red. 的 dragonesque form also mimics the corals pointy tentacles making it harder to spot them.

Hairy 虾 (拟hy虫)

的 毛茸茸 shrimp is one 的 the most challenging crustaceans to find as they are tiny and look like a piece of algae. 的y grow up to 5mm only. 的y are sometimes white, brown, red, yellow or green. 的ir coloration and “hairy”外观使它们更容易在岩石和瓦砾之间融合。

骨架虾 (Caprella sp.)

菲律宾加勒拉港的骨架虾(Caprella sp。)

骨架虾并不是真正的虾,但被归类为两栖类。他们有长棒状的身体,通常是透明的。骨架虾看起来像外星人或螳螂。就像螳螂在交配后杀死他们的伴侣一样,一些雌性骨架虾可能通过在交配后注入有毒爪子的毒液来杀死雄性。您可以在液压油和海绵中找到骨架虾。

孔雀螳螂虾 (Odontodactylus scyllarus)

孔雀螳螂虾(Odontodactylus scyllarus)

螳螂虾虽名叫虾,但不是虾,而是气孔纲动物-螃蟹的远亲, 虾和龙虾。孔雀螳螂虾以鲜亮的红色,绿色和蓝色外骨骼而闻名,使其成为水下摄影师的最爱。他们还以打猎时使用的快速打孔动作而闻名。他们的罢工是如此强大,以至于警告摄影师保持距离,因为众所周知孔雀螳螂虾会冲破水族馆。’s glass wall.

海洋蠕虫(5)

波斯地毯扁虫 (Pseudobiceros bedfordi)

波斯地毯扁虫(Pseudobiceros bedfordi)在菲律宾

波斯地毯扁虫是8–10 厘米长,带有独特图案。它的颜色是黑色,有粉红色的线条和明亮的黄色斑点。

巴比特蠕虫 (太子春药)

博比特蠕虫是居住在海洋中的掠食性多毛cha蠕虫’柔软的沙质底材。它们的大小各不相同,但有记录以来最长的鲍勃蠕虫被发现长3米(9.8英尺)!其硬壳具有全息/金属色,使其脱颖而出。但是,使这些生物更加杰出的是它们隐藏在地面上并等待猎物刺激其5条触角的能力。一旦发现潜在食物,他们就会用牙齿攻击,以至于可以将猎物切成两半。

金色火虫(黄花)

菲律宾道因的金火虫(Chloeia flava)

的 golden fireworms are flat and broad worms with lots of 毛茸茸 bristles on its side. 的y grow to about 10cm long and found on sandy substrates, usually at night. 的 bristles of 黄花 充满毒素,因此请勿抚摸这些生物。如果硬毛渗入裸露的皮肤,会引起剧烈的瘙痒,发炎和麻木感。

圣诞树蠕虫 (Spirobranchus sp。)

古董菲律宾的圣诞树蠕虫(Spirobranchus sp。)

您看到的明亮的树状螺旋实际上是蠕虫的觅食和呼吸部分。圣诞树蠕虫在其身体周围分泌出一根管子’它将自己嵌入巨大的坚硬珊瑚中时的家园和保护。当您发现其中有孔的porites或大脑珊瑚时,可能有一种Spirobranchus种生活在其中。

鸡毛Du虫 (Bispira sp。)

菲律宾阿尼洛的羽毛Du子蠕虫(Bispira sp。)

Feather duster worms are a family of marine worms characterized by protruding feathery gills. 的se worms build tubes out of mucus, sand and bits of shell to serve as its home. 的 feather duster worm has tentacles they use to capture food. When it senses danger, the worm retracts back into its tube.

菲律宾的珊瑚(5)

Here are some 的 endemic corals in the 菲律宾.

泡泡珊瑚 (中华假单胞菌)

泡泡珊瑚(Plerogyra sinuosa)与Acoel扁虫(Waminoa sp。)
Acoel泡泡珊瑚 扁虫 (Waminoa sp)

的 bubble corals also known as grape coral or s are grape-sized which increase their surface area according to the amount of light available: they are larger during the day, but smaller during the night, when tentacles reach out to capture food.

橙杯珊瑚 (虎纹球菌)

菲律宾的橙杯珊瑚(Tubastrea coccinea)

大花杜鹃俗称橙杯珊瑚或太阳珊瑚,是大息肉石珊瑚。珊瑚取食时,从其鲑鱼色(粉红色橙色)的杯子中会出现一小团明亮的黄色或橙色息肉。具有讽刺意味的是,与其他可能需要阳光才能生存的珊瑚不同,这些阳光珊瑚可以在黑暗中生长,只要它能够捕获浮游动物及其食物。

蘑菇珊瑚(真菌 sp。)

蘑菇珊瑚(Fungia sp。)

蘑菇珊瑚是硬珊瑚,由单个生物和多个嘴组成。各种类型的白色,粉红色,红色紫色,蓝色和黄色的Fungia sp直径可达30厘米。圆盘是圆形或椭圆形,中心在嘴上。在圆盘的凹槽之间可以找到触手。这些在人工珊瑚礁爱好者中非常受欢迎。

脑珊瑚 (Platygyra sp。)

脑珊瑚(Platygyra sp。)

This reef-building, hard coral gets its name from how closely it resembles a human brain. 的 brain coral (Platygyra sp。) is sometimes called the maze coral. 的ir distinct shape and patterns makes them a favorite in the aquarium trade as well.

雏菊珊瑚 (Goniopora sp。)

雏菊珊瑚(Goniopora sp。)

雏菊珊瑚(也称为花盆珊瑚,向日葵珊瑚和球形珊瑚)因其类似花朵的外观而得名。它们的独特特征是细长的息肉,顶部有围绕嘴巴区域的触手条纹。食虫种类在白天延伸其息肉,在夜间收缩。有趣的是,如果您干扰了珊瑚的一部分,那么其余的珊瑚息肉也会缩回,好像是为了保护自己。

将其固定以备后用!或与朋友分享这篇文章,并鼓励他们保护菲律宾的这些美妙的海洋生物!

100 的 most popular 海洋生物 in the philippines
一生中必须看到的100种海洋生物。

您是否喜欢这份菲律宾海洋生物清单?您希望看到哪些?我应该在菲律宾最受欢迎的海洋生物中添加哪一个?在下面发表评论!

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阿拉·胡安
阿拉·胡安

阿拉·胡安(Ara Juan)是DiverBliss.com和PhilippineDives.com的创始人。她是PADI救援潜水员,目前的目标是在菲律宾所有最佳地点进行水肺潜水。然后告诉你!她喜欢在地面间隔喝咖啡。

2条留言

    • 阿拉·胡安
      作者
      2020年9月10日/上午10:36

      谢谢,卡米尔! ðŸ™,

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